Toxicity and preventive approaches of Fusarium derived mycotoxins using lactic acid bacteria: state of the art

TitleToxicity and preventive approaches of Fusarium derived mycotoxins using lactic acid bacteria: state of the art
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2022
AuthorsNavale, VD, Vamkudoth, KRao
JournalBiotechnology Letters
Date PublishedOCT
Type of ArticleReview
KeywordsFood safety, Fusarium species, Lactic acid bacteria, management, Mycotoxin

Mycotoxin contamination of food and feed is a serious food safety issue and causes acute and chronic diseases in humans and livestock. Climatic and agronomic changes helps in the proliferation of fungal growth and mycotoxin production in food commodities. Mycotoxin contamination has attracted global attention due to its wide range of toxicity to humans and animals. However, physical and chemical management approaches in practice are unsafe for well-being due to their health-hazardous nature. Various antibiotics and preservatives are in use to reduce the microbial load and improve the shelf life of food products. In addition, the use of antibiotic growth promotors in livestock production may increase the risk of antimicrobial resistance, which is a global health concern. Due to their many uses, probiotics are helpful microbes that have a significant impact on food and nutrition. Furthermore, the probiotic potential of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) is employed in various food and feed preparations to neutralize mycotoxins, antimicrobial activities, balance the gut microbiome, and various immunomodulatory activities in both humans and livestock. In addition, LAB produces various antimicrobials, flavouring agents, peptides, and proteins linked to various food and health care applications. The LAB-based processes for mycotoxin management are more effective, eco-friendly, and low-cost than physical and chemical approaches. The toxicity, novel preventive measures, binding nature, and molecular mechanisms of mycotoxins' detoxification using LAB have been highlighted in this review.

Type of Journal (Indian or Foreign)


Impact Factor (IF)


Divison category: 
Biochemical Sciences
Web of Science (WoS)

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