Mechanism of action of novel synthetic dodecapeptides against Candida albicans

TitleMechanism of action of novel synthetic dodecapeptides against Candida albicans
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsMaurya, IKumar, Thota, CKumar, Sharma, J, Tupe, SGenba, Chaudhary, P, Singh, MKumar, Thakur, IShekhar, Deshpande, MV, Prasad, R, Chauhan, VSingh
JournalBiochimica Et Biophysica Acta-General Subjects
Date PublishedNOV
KeywordsAntifungal peptide, Antimicrobial peptide (AMP), Apoptosis, Candida albicans, Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS)

Background: Three de novo designed low molecular weight cationic peptides (IJ2, IJ3 and IJ4) containing an unnatural amino acid alpha,beta-didehydrophenylalanine (APhe) exhibited potent antifungal activity against fluconazole (FLC) sensitive and resistant clinical isolates of Candida albicans as well as non-albi cans and other yeast and filamentous pathogenic fungi. In the present study, their synthesis, susceptibility of different fungi and the mechanism of anti-candidal action have been elucidated. Methods: The antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) were synthesized by solid-phase method and checked for antifungal activity against different yeasts and fungi by broth microdilution method. Anti-candidal mode of action of the peptides was investigated through detecting membrane permeabilization by confocal microscopy, Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS) generation by fluorometry, apoptosis and necrosis by flow cytometry and cell wall damage using Scanning and Transmission Electron Microscopy. Results and conclusions: The MIC of the peptides against C. albicans and other yeast and filamentous fungal pathogens ranged between 3.91 and 250 mu M. All three peptides exhibited effect on multiple targets in C. albi cans including disruption of cell wall structures, compromised cell membrane permeability leading to their enhanced entry into the cells, accumulation of ROS and induction of apoptosis. The peptides also showed synergistic effect when used in combination with fluconazole (FLC) and caspofungin (CAS) against C. albi cans. General significance: The study suggests that the AMPs alone or in combination with conventional antifungals hold promise for the control of fungal pathogens, and need to be further explored for treatment of fungal infections. (C) 2013 Elsevier By. All rights reserved.

Type of Journal (Indian or Foreign)Foreign
Impact Factor (IF)4.94
Divison category: 
Biochemical Sciences