Integrated chemo and bio-catalyzed synthesis of 2,5-furandicarboxylic acid from fructose derived 5-hydroxymethylfurfural

TitleIntegrated chemo and bio-catalyzed synthesis of 2,5-furandicarboxylic acid from fructose derived 5-hydroxymethylfurfural
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2022
AuthorsParate, RD, Dharne, MS, V. Rode, C
JournalBiomass & Bioenergy
Date PublishedJUN
Type of ArticleArticle
Keywordsbiocatalysis, Biodegradable polyester, Biomass, Platform chemical, Sustainability metrics

Biomass being a renewable source of energy, has emerged as an attractive target for manufacturing valuable products. These possibilities can be explored to meet the current need for degradable plastic, 2,5-furandicarboxylic acid (FDCA). Integration of chemical and biological approaches for direct biomass conversion into FDCA was evaluated in this study. 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (5-HMF) was chemo-catalytically obtained from fructose using recyclable amberlyte IR-120 as a catalyst with >98% purity. Klebsiella oxytoca NCIM 2694 bacterial strain showed the potential of converting 98% of 5-HMF into FDCA with 58% selectivity at 96 h. With optimized conditions of pH 7, 37 degrees C, 2 g whole cells, we reported 99% 5-HMF conversion to FDCA with 95% selectivity at 72 h and 2667 mg L-1 yield, with 39 mg L-1 h-1 productivity. This is the highest yield obtained with the substrate concentration as high as 3000 mg L-1 reported till date. While the bacterial tolerance to 5-HMF observed was for the highest 5-HMF concentration of 4000 mg L-1, with 99% conversion however, compromising the FDCA yield to 2447 mg L-1 and 32 mg L-1 h-1 productivity. Atom economy of 85% and E factor of 17.71 g g-1 was obtained as a measure of its efficiency and sustainability of the process. The developed process will decrease the cost by excluding any extra nutrient supplement, complete substrate utilization, highest FDCA selectivity/productivity and higher tolerance by K. oxytoca, sequentially catalyzing the oxidations by a single route for FDCA synthesis from renewables.

Type of Journal (Indian or Foreign)


Impact Factor (IF)


Divison category: 
Biochemical Sciences
Chemical Engineering & Process Development
Web of Science (WoS)

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