Enhanced enzymatic hydrolysis of cellulose by partial modification of its chemical structure

TitleEnhanced enzymatic hydrolysis of cellulose by partial modification of its chemical structure
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2011
AuthorsShaikh, HM, Adsul, MG, Gokhale, DV, Varma, A
JournalCarbohydrate Polymers
Date PublishedAUG
Keywords2, 3-Dialdehyde celluloses, 3-Dibenzylimine cellulose, 3-Dibutylimine cellulose, 3-Dicarboxy celluloses, 3-Diethyimine cellulose, 3-Dihydrazone cellulose, 3-Dipropylimine cellulose, Cellulase, Enzymatic hydrolysis

A series of 2,3-dialdehyde celluloses with different degrees of oxidation were used for deriving corresponding dicarboxylate, dicarboxy, and Schiff's base cellulose derivatives. The dialdehyde cellulose was hydrolyzed by cellulase to a lower extent than the starting cellulose, except at high levels of aldehyde content (above 50%). For dicarboxylate and dicarboxy celluloses, the highest level of oxidized NaDCC and DCC hydrolysed up to 70 and 60% respectively which was 3-4 times more than cellulose. The 2,3-dioxime cellulose derivative hydrolyzes only up to 16.3% for the highest level of oxidized dioxime. In the case of 2,3-diethylimine cellulose, all derivatives hydrolyse faster than the native cellulose. Up to 75% hydrolysis was observed for 2,3-diethyimine cellulose-50, 2,3-dipropylimine and 2,3-dibutylimine cellulose. The 2,3-dibenzylimine cellulose hydrolyses a little slower than the alkylimine derivatives. The 2,3-dihydrazone cellulose derivatives with all level of oxidation showed resistance towards enzymatic hydrolysis. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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Divison category: 
Biochemical Sciences
Polymer Science & Engineering