Development of biocatalysts for production of commodity chemicals from lignocellulosic biomass

TitleDevelopment of biocatalysts for production of commodity chemicals from lignocellulosic biomass
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2011
AuthorsAdsul, MG, Singhvi, MS, Gaikaiwari, SA, Gokhale, DV
JournalBioresource Technology
Date PublishedMAR
KeywordsBiomass utilization, Commodity chemicals, Ethanol, Lactic acid, Microbial cellulases

Lignocellulosic biomass is recognized as potential sustainable source for production of power, biofuels and variety of commodity chemicals which would potentially add economic value to biomass. Recalcitrance nature of biomass is largely responsible for the high cost of its conversion. Therefore, it is necessary to introduce some cost effective pretreatment processes to make the biomass polysaccharides easily amenable to enzymatic attack to release mixed fermentable sugars. Advancement in systemic biology can provide new tools for the development of such biocatalysts for sustainable production of commodity chemicals from biomass. Integration of functional genomics and system biology approaches may generate efficient microbial systems with new metabolic routes for production of commodity chemicals. This paper provides an overview of the challenges that are faced by the processes converting lignocellulosic biomass to commodity chemicals. The critical factors involved in engineering new microbial biocatalysts are also discussed with more emphasis on commodity chemicals. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Type of Journal (Indian or Foreign)Foreign
Impact Factor (IF)4.98
Divison category: 
National Collection of Industrial Micr-organisms (NCIM)