Deciphering structural stability and binding mechanisms of potential antagonists with smoothened protein

TitleDeciphering structural stability and binding mechanisms of potential antagonists with smoothened protein
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsSinha, N
Secondary AuthorsChowdhury, S
Tertiary AuthorsSarkar, RR
JournalJournal of Biomolecular Structure and Dynamics
Date PublishedSEP
Type of ArticleArticle in Press
Keywordsinhibitors, Pi–Pi Interaction, Smoothened Protein, Structural stability
AbstractIdentification of new potential inhibitors against Hedgehog pathway activator protein Smoothened (SMO) is considered to be of higher importance to improvise the future cancer therapeutics. Different SMO inhibitors/drugs (e.g. Cyclopamine, Vismodegib, Taladegib) used till date are found to be associated with several drug-related resistivity and toxicity. To explore the ability of new drug/inhibitor molecules, which can show better/similar binding and dynamic stability as compared to known inhibitors, virtual screening against SMO is performed followed by the comparative docking and molecular dynamic studies. ‘ZINC12368305’ is found to be the best molecule among the entire data-set, as it shows the highest binding affinity and stable conformations. Here, an integrative approach using Dynamic Graph Theory is introduced to gain the molecular insights of the structural integrity of these protein complexes at the residue level by analyzing the corresponding Protein Contact Networks along the Molecular Dynamics trajectories. The study further focuses to understand the detailed binding mechanisms of available inhibitor/drug molecules along with the newly predicted molecule. It is observed that a unique big cluster of low fluctuating residues at the vicinity of the drug binding pocket of the SMO in ZINC12368305-bound complex is present and driving it toward a more stable region. A close inspection on this site reveals the presence of a stable Pi–Pi interaction between the pyrazole group-associated phenanthrene ring of ZINC12368305 and aromatic ring of Phe484 of SMO, which could be the potential factor of ZINC12368305 to create a more stable complex with SMO as compared to the other inhibitors.
Type of Journal (Indian or Foreign)Foreign
Impact Factor (IF)2.3
Divison category: 
Chemical Engineering & Process Development

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