Biocatalysis: fungi mediated novel and selective 12 beta- or 17 beta-hydroxylation on the basic limonoid skeleton
|Title||Biocatalysis: fungi mediated novel and selective 12 beta- or 17 beta-hydroxylation on the basic limonoid skeleton|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2013|
|Authors||Haldar, S, Kolet, SP, Thulasiram, HV|
Basic limonoids carrying a 4,4,8-trimethyl-17-furanylsteroid skeleton are a class of triterpenoids and well-known for their insecticidal as well as a vast array of pharmacological activities. Rare and synthetically challenging 12 beta- and 17 beta-hydroxylation was achieved on the basic limonoid skeleton to produce a novel series of hydroxylated limonoids using fungi-mediated biocatalysis. The fungal system belonging to the genera of Mucor efficiently converted azadiradione, epoxyazadiradione, gedunin and their derivatives into corresponding 12 beta- and/or 17 beta-hydroxy derivatives. The position and stereochemistry of hydroxylation was determined by rigorous spectroscopic and crystallographic studies. This fungi-mediated stereo- and regio-selective hydroxylation process was highly efficient and mild enough to sustain chemically sensitive functional groups around the basic limonoid skeleton. Modifications of specific functional groups and variation in biocatalyst were shown to bring selectivity among 12 beta- or 17 beta-hydroxylation.
|Type of Journal (Indian or Foreign)||Foreign|
|Impact Factor (IF)||6.852|